From Sperm Motility to Sperm Count: What Every Couple Needs To Know About His Load

Women change their entire lifestyles to get their bodies ready for growing babies. But since it takes two to tango, it’s also important for our men to take a serious look at their habits if they want their seeds to latch on and grow! Health and diet have major consequences on a man’s sperm count and motility. Here’s what you need to know about sperm so you can start baby making!

Since we women are the ones actually carrying the baby, we fret a lot about our fertility and what we need to do to give ourselves prime conditions for getting pregnant. However, men aren’t off the hook. What they put into their bodies and their overall health has a direct effect on the health of their sperm.

What is sperm motility?

Ok, I’m going to take you back to middle school, ladies. This is a fact you likely learned in your sixth grade health class but a refresher is always good!

Sperm motility refers to the forward motion of sperm. So after you do the deed, sperm have nowhere to go but up! Believe it or not, our vaginas aren’t very welcoming hosts. Sperm has to work really hard to get through our canal and some simply can’t do it. Sperm that moves relatively slowly, makes it harder or impossible for them to move through a woman’s reproductive tract to the egg.

Generally, low sperm motility occurs when less than 50% of his sperm reaches its destination.

What is sperm morphology?

Sperm morphology describes the shape and size of sperm cells. The image we’re all familiar with – oval head with a long tail – is generally accepted as a “normal” healthy shape for sperm. Abnormal sperm have defects ranging from misshapen head, crooked tails, or even two tails!

What is considered low sperm count?

“A low sperm count was traditionally defined as less than 20 million sperm [per ejaculate], however more recent guidelines have revised this criteria and define a normal sperm count as anything greater than or equal to 15 million.”

To figure out if your man has high or low sperm count, doctors perform a semen analysis and look at four components – “volume, motility, sperm count and morphology.”

Don’t worry if he’s not, uhh, releasing a strong cavalry every time you have sex. Low sperm count does not mean you won’t get pregnant!

What habits are harmful for his sperm?

“For men, smart lifestyle choices can have a significantly positive impact on their sperm count and morphology, [or] the shape of the sperm,” Dr. Knopman tells us. “It is recommended that men, just like their female partners, who are attempting to conceive, reduce their alcohol consumption [and] quit smoking…”

Yes, a lot of what made your twenties so fabulous, adventurous, and a tad reckless have to be phased out for the sake of baby-making. But if the two of you make a pact to do it together then it won’t be as hard and you’ll discover new ways to spend quality time together (besides, y’know, all the sexin’ you’re about to do!)

Ok, but what’s the worst habit?

Steroids, hands down. Dr Knopman tells us that “men taking anabolic steroids are often infertile and in fact it is not uncommon to see a sperm count that approaches zero!” If your man’s a roid-head, he needs to stop – not just for your future family but for his future health as well!

“Exercise is always helpful and encouraged but steroid use can single-handedly render a couple infertile,” Dr. Knopman warns.

What habits keep his sperm healthy?

Dr. Knopman recommends men begin maintaining “a well-balanced diet and employ stress reduction techniques” to keep their sperm healthy.

Luckily for him (and you!), frequent sex helps reduce stress, but it’s also worth it for him to figure out methods that’ll relieve tension that don’t involve you or his right hand .

Yoga, meditation, weekly exercise, and making a point of listening to soothing music are all great stress relievers. Plus it’ll be good for him to know exactly how to manage his stress before the baby comes, right?!

Does his age matter?

For women, when you hit your mid-30s the biological clock doesn’t just start ticking, it’s start knocking on your door, pounding your windows, and throwing eggs at your car. Dr. Knopman reminds us that 35 years is the age when a woman’s “chance for obstetrical and neonatal complications rise.” It’s a little harder to predict for men but the docs are trying!

“Most define [advanced paternal age] between 45-50 years old. Men over the age of ~ 45-50 years old appear to have a higher chance of conceiving a child with autism, schizophrenia and autosomal dominant disorders.” Overall, semen volume, sperm motility and the proportion of normally shaped sperm appear to decrease gradually as age increases.” So, like women, age kinda does matter.

How common is male infertility?

“Male factor infertility is fairly common and often quite treatable,” says Dr. Knopman. “In 20% of couples struggling with infertility, the sole problem will be what is called ‘male factor’ simply put ‘a problem with the sperm.'”

Ok, so how is male infertility treated?

“Treatment varies from lifestyle modifications, surgical procedures (varicocelectomy), intra-uterine insemination and IVF with or without intracytoplasmic sperm injection,” Dr. Knopman explains.

“The latter describes a technique whereby the sperm is injected into the egg to further increase the chance of fertilization. In certain instances such as severely low sperm count and/or morphology, this procedure may be required to help the sperm fertilize the egg.”

The final word from Dr. Knopman….

You should take an active interest in your man’s sperm health. If you haven’t gotten pregnant after a year of unprotected sex, then yes, it’s time to consult a fertility doctor but don’t freak out too soon.

“Approximately 15% of couples will not conceive after one year of trying,” Dr. Knopman says. “It is important to remember that even the most fertile of couples have no greater than a 20-25% chance of conceiving per month. Simply stated getting pregnant is not so easy!”

Egg Donor Preparation: What You Need to Know

Egg Donation is a wonderful gift with countless rewards. However, it can take a toll on your physical and emotional health. You need to  prepare for the process, both emotionally and physically.

Eating and Drinking

Prepping your body for an egg donation is a simple process. Eating and drinking well are the first steps to becoming prepared. The nutritional food that goes into your body will nourish your uterine environment and optimize egg donation success.

Leafy greens such as spinach and kale are an excellent source of iron. They increase red blood cell production which enhances circulation to your uterine lining. Red meat, beans and mushrooms are other great examples of iron that increase cardiovascular health. Foods with high calcium and vitamin C are also recommended.

With all these nutrients entering your body, make sure that you drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and help move around all those nutrients.


Exercising in moderation is another key factor when preparing for egg donation. Performing aerobic exercises like swimming, spinning and fast walking is a great way to get your blood pumping. Flexibility training is also good for your body. Yoga or dance classes are great ways to strengthen and align your pelvis.

Taking part in any of these workout routines for at least 30 minutes a day will create an ideal space for your reproductive organs, and make you feel refreshed!


Your doctor will likely recommend you to get plenty of rest, and they’re right! Taking care of your spiritual and mental health is another aspect that is important in preparing your body. Try and focus on improving your sleeping habits. Once your body recognizes a consistent sleep pattern it can begin to wind down and rest.

Preparing to be an egg donor requires the same love and healthy lifestyle that your body would need at any other time in your life. By following these simple steps you and your body will be ready in no time for your donation!

Follicle size for IVF

Well, the very moment is coming, when eggs are ready to be extracted. How to determine this moment, you want to know? The primary sign, that indicates readiness degree of woman’s eggs, is follicle size.


The fact is that during the late luteal phase population of follicles with diameter 2-5 mm is formed; the dominant follicles will be selected for the next cycle. It is called ‘recruitment. Typically, we can talk about 3-11 follicles, but their number is reduced with age.

At the beginning of the menstrual cycle the largest follicles (5-10 mm) continue to develop, and the others regress. At 5-7 day one of the follicles 10 mm in size becomes dominant. The dominant follicle suppresses other ones. It becomes more on 2-3 mm daily and as a result reaches 17-27 mm. What is interesting, it is impossible to determine in advance what follicle will be dominant.

Before ovulation, follicle grows very quickly. It protrudes from the ovarian cortex, attains its border, and then explodes to release the egg and some antral fluid.

 Follicular monitoring

Follicular monitoring is used to track the state of follicles from late luteal phase to ovulation. To do this the follicle is assessed at regular intervals, and the result is recorded in the documents. Follicular monitoring is carried out by means of ultrasound diagnostics. The first measurements can be carried out on the third day of the cycle, their aim is to describe the features of the follicles (their quantity, shape and so on, everything, that is possible).

On the seventh day, we can begin to guess what follicle will be dominant and destined for ovulation. As a rule, there are three types of follicles competing for this role:

  1. Atretic dominant follicle.On the third day this follicle can be the largest, but it doesn’t mean it will lead to ovulation. Such follicle has rough edges and an irregular shape.
  2. Ovulatory dominant follicle. This follicle has smooth borders and round shape.
  3. Anovulatory-luteinizing dominant follicle. This type of dominant follicles grows quickly but fails to ovulate, and later turns to a cyst. These are smooth and round too.

As soon as one of the follicles reaches 16 mm size, specialists recommend a daily follicle monitoring. The next step is the detection of ovulation thanks to some signs.

Time to retrieve

Specialists say it’s very important to catch the moment when eggs will have ripe enough: in this case it’s just the time for egg retrieval when size at least 2 follicles is 18mm or greater, 50% or even more of all the follicles are at least 15mm in size and Estradiol levels are 1500-5000. These numbers refer to blood levels and measurements taken on the last day of stimulation, because, as a rule, nobody will take any blood on the day of retrieval.

Now, eggs must be retrieved, but they are not mature yet. To determine the moment when each follicle of 15mm or more produces a mature egg, doctor takes a final injection, that is called HCG.

For the first 36-40 hours after the HCG shot is taken, the larger eggs will go through their final maturation process. Full maturation of oocytes is a prerequisite, it’s a vital question: immature oocyte will not be fertilized. This is unacceptable to extract eggs prematurely. But also it must be done not more than 40 hours pass after the HCG shot, otherwise the egg is not fertilized too. The point is that ovulation can occur after 40 hours:  egg will come out from the ovary and appear in abdominal cavity; therefore, there will be nothing to retrieve. That is why it is so important that the last injection has been carried out according to the instructions. Optimal time is 36 hours. If you are late only on couple of hours, it’s not a disaster. But a longer delay can reduce the chances for success to zero.

So, an Egg Retrieval will be nearly in 36 hours following. This procedure implies minimal surgical intervention: a needle penetrates through the upper vaginal wall directly into the ovary and thus the eggs are retrieved. Depending on the number of follicles, this procedure can take from 20 to 45 minutes.

Is an Egg Retrieval painful? No, fortunately, it’s absolutely painless procedure. The only thin, after anesthesia mild drowsiness can remain.

The most interesting fact is that some follicles may be empty. In its turn, eggs from follicles 14 mm or less in size are often difficult to fertilize because they are immature. Then an embryologist studies the contents of all the follicles under the microscope and extracts eggs.

Surrogacy – What To Expect

Whether you are unable to carry a child of your own or are in a same sex relationship, you may consider surrogacy as a way to grow your family. At Simple Surrogacy, we work carefully to ensure a good match between the Surrogate and the Intended Parents.

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From a Surrogate’s Perspective

A woman becomes a surrogate in order to help intended parents build their family. As a surrogate, you will be asked questions that will provide value to both prospective intended parents and the agency to ensure you find an ideal match. It is important to be honest and provide information that you’d want to know if the roles were reversed.

At Simple Surrogacy, we understand the sacrifices you make in accepting the responsibility of creating a life for the intended parents. We take care of you and work on your behalf throughout the pregnancy in order to enable the best pregnancy possible. At Simple Surrogacy, the process to apply to be a surrogate is simple! From 24-hour support to fully funded escrow accounts, surrogacy comes with a variety of benefits!

From the Intended Parent’s Perspective

Simple Surrogacy is here to mend your heartache and help you achieve your dreams of parenthood. We understand how confusing and stressful the Surrogacy process can be. That’s why we are here to ensure your journey is as simple and enjoyable as possible. At Simple Surrogacy, we care about your aspirations and conduct a thorough background check on all our surrogates.

Your surrogate is carrying your future child for 9 months. Therefore, it is vital that you two create a meaningful relationship with one another. You must be on the same page as your surrogate and make ensure that you discuss how involved she will be after the pregnancy.

Сommon Ethical Concerns and Issues with Egg Donation

There are many ethical issues to consider when using donor eggs. Here are a few common issues that people who are considering using donor eggs face.

How important is it to the parents that the child is genetically related to them?

Is the goal a healthy pregnancy or a genetically related healthy pregnancy? Often times, the use of a donor egg is more beneficial, because it results in a healthy and successful pregnancy when a woman’s own eggs are not of good quality.

Is parenting better done at a younger age or an older age?

It can be better to have youth on your side, but it can also be good to have maturity when it comes to parenting. After age 40, IVF is often more successful using donor eggs. Some benefits to using donor eggs is the ability to avoid negative genetic and psychological health issues.

How will you explain to your child about how they were conceived and at what age?

What if your child wants to meet his or her biological parents? If your donor is known, then you could arrange for this to happen. It is helpful to think about what you would want their relationship to look like if your child did meet his or her biological parents.

How does your religion view the use of donor eggs?

Is it ethical for a sister to donate eggs to her sister?

Who will carry the baby and how will this be explained? This is a common scenario and all parties involved (including husbands) must go through a psychological evaluation and be approved to move forward.


Making a list of pros and cons in addition to speaking with a counselor can help reduce anxiety about the use of donor eggs. Contact Aspire Fertility with any additional questions regarding ethical concerns with egg donation.

Why Surrogacy is Crucial

Many individuals long for the day that they can finally start a family. Unfortunately, many people are unable to conceive. Infertility is a common underlying factor that significantly affects marriages. You may have come to the decision to finally seek alternative paths to parenthood. Non-traditional methods of achieving parenthood can seem confusing and stressful at first, but at Simple Surrogacy the process is simple.

What is Surrogacy?

Surrogacy is the process of carrying an embryo to birth for another individual or couple. The woman carrying the child is referred to as the surrogate mother. Surrogacy is a form of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs). Surrogacy was developed to assist the growing number of individuals who are unable to conceive.

How Surrogacy Has Changed The Lives Of Many Individuals

Many individuals view surrogate motherhood as an alternative option to starting the family they have always dreamed of. Surrogacy bridges the infertility gap and helps couples achieve their dreams of parenthood. Without surrogacy, individuals and couples may never become parents. However, with surrogacy, this is attainable. Many surrogate candidates read the profiles from potential Intended Parents and are often enlightened by the struggles many people have endured to conceive a child.

Relationship with Surrogate Mother

In fact, many Intended Parents have such a positive experience with their Surrogate mother, that they choose to maintain a relationship with her even after the 9-month surrogacy period. On the other hand, many surrogates have also had such positive experiences that they choose to continue to pursue surrogacy and become repeat surrogates, giving the gift of life more than once.

Interesting facts about egg donation

What does egg donation mean? Roughly speaking, it’s the phenomenon when one women, who’s called donor, give her oocytes to another one (recipient), because donor’s eggs help the second woman to have a baby. During the process donor uses drugs by which her ovaries produce few сells over a one cycle. After that doctor extracts eggs and then embryologist checks it. These cells may be used for IVF cycle or to be frozen.

Egg donation germs in early 80’s. In 1978 scientists have proved that the IVF is very effective method in the fight against infertility and American citizens knew about egg donation. In 5 years the first child was born through IVF and egg donation in Australia. Also in 1983 IVF-Egg Donor cycle was conducted in the USA and the first baby was born after nine months.

In 1990 IVF with donor eggs became the solution for problem of age-related infertility. From that very moment treatment became possible even for women over 40 years, if they can physically bear a child. Of course, the financial aspect of this question is very important too. Recipients should be ready to spend a lot of money during the process.

Egg donation as a part of infertility treatment is successfully developing during all these years. It has become a new hope for women who can’t conceive due to various reasons. Also IVF-Egg Donor cycles are a good solution for some couples who want to avoid hereditary diseases. And egg donation is a perfect alternative of adoption for many infertile women and single persons. In the twenty first century new methods of treatment have become feasible thanks to advanced technologies. information about egg donation

Nowadays more than 50,000 children have already been born due to egg donation. A lot of new laws regulating this procedure have been passed all over the world. An appearance of the new methods has become the cause of many disputes. In connection with this fact, medical associations around the world prepared guidelines to use IVF with donor eggs correctly.

Over the last 25 years the development of egg donation had many discussions of the ethical and legal aspects of this method. Technical and legal basis for the clinical using of human oocytes was created in many countries. A lot of rules was introduced for, children, their parents and donors’ safety. However, the legal status and form of the compensation may vary depending on the location. There are countries where this procedure is illegal (for example, in Australia and Italy) or allowable, but only on condition when it is no payable and anonymous. In Canada this kind of donation is allowed if procedure is anonymous and a donor get the money. In some states the donation is permitted if it is anonymous and the donor receives compensation (Czech Republic, Poland, Spain and Ukraine). If a couple thinks about doing IVF cycle abroad, they should to research the laws of that very country relating to IVF.

Shift work, heavy lifting linked to less successful in vitro fertilization

Fertility treatments are arduous, with many factors contributing to the chance of conceiving, but now U.S. researchers say shift work or heavy lifting on the job may reduce the odds for success.

Shift work disrupts sleep and the body’s internal clock and has been associated with high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and some cancer.

  • Night shift effects on brain comparable to chronic jet lag
  • Night shift workers face increased breast cancer risk

Researchers monitored indicators of capacity to reproduce among 473 women with an average age of 35 who attended a fertility clinic in Boston as part of the Environment and Reproductive Health or EARTH study.

Previous studies have suggested a link between work schedules, heavy lifting at work and capacity to reproduce. But they weren’t able to take direct measures, such as levels of reproductive hormones or immature eggs, called oocytes, remaining in the ovary.

In the study, published in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine, there were 190 women who moved or lifted heavy objects at work.

Harvard researcher Audrey Gaskins says a woman seeking fertility treatment could consider avoiding shift work or heavy lifting if possible.

“We found that women who are working non-day shifts as well as those who are moving or lifting heavy objects at work had significantly fewer total eggs retrieved as well as mature eggs retrieved when undergoing in-vitro fertilization,” study author Audrey Gaskins, a research associate at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and an instructor at Harvard Medical School, said in an interview.

“And this is important because only the mature eggs are capable of developing into healthy embryos needed to sustain a pregnancy. So in theory if a woman has fewer mature eggs that would lower her chances of becoming pregnant.”

The lower egg count among women who work outside of the regular hours may be related to a disrupted biological clock, the researchers speculated.

Cause and effect not proven

The study was observational and no cause-and-effect relationships can be drawn.

Previous studies in European and Asian women also pointed to associations between shift work and reduced ability to conceive, while other research hasn’t.

For instance, it could be that the amount and type of work a women does could be related to other aspects of her life, such as socioeconomic status, that made her less fertile.

Dr. Tom Hannam, a fertility specialist in Toronto, gives the example of a patient who cleans hotel rooms, a physically demanding job.

“She has very little control over the hours that she works,” Hannam said. “She’s forever being called in at times which make it difficult, so she’s really struggling with fertility. It’s not the individual or how much she wants to have a baby, it’s the job that she has. It’s not the heavy lifting. It’s the lack of control she has in her life which is making it difficult for her.”

Dr. Tom Hannam suspects the association between physically demanding work and fewer eggs relates to socioeconomic factors.

Link to fertility unclear

Gaskins acknowledged that many of the women coming to the clinic in the study were of slightly higher socioeconomic status than average. Women in the study who reported moving or lifting heavy objects at work were less educated on average than those who reported never doing so.

It’s also difficult to hypothesize a mechanism by which a physically demanding job could affect the ovarian reserve, as the number of eggs or oocytes is determined at birth, Prof. Adam Balen, chair of the British Fertility Society, said in statement.

If a woman is concerned, Gaskins suggested she talk to her supervisor. “Explore the possibility of discontinuing night shifts … or lowering the frequency of lifting heavy objects.”

Quitting a job in order to conceive would be a dramatic step with possible unintended consequences, Hannam said.

“Wouldn’t you hope to work in an environment that there is support? So that if you have a medical condition … your workplace is able to find a solution to give you the time and the space to take the treatment that you need? I don”t think this is just true for fertility. It’s true for all health concerns.”

Gaskins hopes to continue her research by exploring whether women who stop working shifts or heavy lifting at work show better ovarian measures in the short term.

14 Things Women Suffering From Infertility Want You To Know

1. It’s tough

Wanting a baby, but not being able to produce one is no easy thing. We think about it every day. Even if we aren’t in the process of “trying”.

2. It hurts when other people are pregnant

Not going to lie; it stings. There is always a sharp pang of sadness felt when someone announces a pregnancy.

3. We are happy you are pregnant

We don’t want to take anything way from your joy. Pregnancy deserves a fantastic celebration, so go for it! Don’t be afraid to share the news. Yes, it can be difficult for us, but it’s not you; you deserve to shout it from the rooftops. However, if you are close with someone who is really struggling, a private conversation is considerate. A general Facebook announcement showing off your baby bump can be fairly soul crushing.

4. We are bitter that other people are pregnant—not you

This is hard to admit, but we are sometimes bitter when certain people are pregnant. That expectant woman on the news being charged with child neglect—we don’t think she deserves to have another one. Why does she get eight, and we don’t get any?

5. We don’t want to hear success stories

Telling a woman who is battling infertility, “Well, this one girl I knew tried for eight years and then she had triplets” doesn’t help. We are going to the specialists. We are monitoring ovulation and sperm count and hormone levels. We are educated. We know the real stats and the success rates.If anything, tales of success don’t make us hopeful; they make us feel worse.

6. Don’t bring God/The Universe into it

“Everything happens for a reason” is a ridiculous thing to say to someone, especially to someone that doesn’t believe any outside forces are at work in their life. Even worse is something like, “Maybe it isn’t in God’s plan for you.” So, even if we don’t believe in God, knowing that He’s out there to make life miserable for us is not comforting.

7. We’ve heard of adoption

Adoption as an alternative is clearly something we’ve thought about, so don’t make the suggestion. We aren’t stupid. You don’t know why we have chosen fertility treatments over adoption. And for all you know, we are also trying adoption with no luck.

8. Don’t even ask

Why are you even asking about kids, anyway? It’s none of your business. The prime example is the post-wedding interrogation in which family members take it upon themselves to say, “Sooooo…when will you be having a baby?” Whether you know a person is dealing with infertility or not, you should never ask this question.

9. It’s OK if we want more than one kid

Maybe baby number one was a piece of cake. Have the sex, push out the baby. But subsequent children might be the real problem. Never, ever say to someone, “At least you already have one”. Not cool. Secondary infertility is difficult, too.

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10. We do feel guilty if we already have one

For moms dealing with secondary infertility, guilt can definitely play a role. Going through fertility treatments for a second child when other women are still working on their first really does make us feel bad…and very lucky, too. But please remember, we aren’t being greedy. We are trying to round out our family and bring more joy into our lives. We struggle, too.

11. We don’t want to hear your pregnancy complaints

If you know someone is dealing with fertility issues, cool it with the pregnancy complaints. You’re allowed some. If you have 24/7 nausea or if you are on bedrest, those are valid issues. Complaining that “the baby was up all night kicking and now I’m oh-so-tired” is not a legitimate grievance. You have a healthy, active baby who is living and growing inside you; consider yourself lucky.

12. It’s no laughing matter

April Fool’s jokes about being pregnant, particularly through social media, are just plain dumb. You never know what is going on with your list of friends, so think before you act.

13. We are warriors

You have no idea what fertility treatments are like. We have been poked, prodded, scraped, pricked, tested, retested, monitored and tested again. We’ve had dozens of people examine our down-there parts. We’ve collected urine in a cup many, many times. We’ve had so much blood taken that our arms look like pin cushions. Some have learned to inject hormones into their butts. Some have partners providing sperm samples down the hall (while watching really terrible porn). We’ve had ultrasounds, pelvic exams and dye shot into our reproductive systems. And still, we think it’s worth it. We KNOW it’s worth it.

14. We’re thankful you’re here

Even if you say the wrong thing—we want to thank you for the support, encouragement and just being there as we continue the struggle.

Is Bed Rest Really Necessary after IVF?

It so happened, that bed rest is the usual prescription for women who have undergone any medical procedure. For example, before women are traditionally being prescribed bed rest for six weeks after delivery. But then scientists proved that such inactive lifestyle after delivery increased risks of appearing blood clots in the deep veins.

Bed rest is usually recommended in the best intentions, but it does not guarantee a favorable outcome. However, it is very difficult to change existing stereotypes and depart from this useless advice. Nowadays, IVF treatment has been used for several decades. It is time to consider the real benefits of the various recommendations and decide whether bed rest after IVF procedures is useful or not.

Bed rest after IVF: a little historical summary

When IVF only appeared in medical practice, doctors recommend women stay in bed for two weeks after the procedure. And bed rest was taken literally: for some time after the procedure patients were not allowed to leave their bed at all. After embryo transfer, patients were brought to the hospital on a gurney, and then they are not even allowed to get up to the toilet (the bedpan was used for these purposes).

But it became clear over time that such a rigid restriction is not necessary. In 1997, studies have been conducted that have shown that bed rest (even if it comes to a 24 hour period after transfer) is actually useless precaution.

Later more serious studies related to bed rest after IVF were carried out in 2005. During the research one group of women was allowed to stand and move immediately after the IVF procedure, and others were forced to lie down for an hour after the embryo transfer. Pregnancy rates for both of these groups were same.

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After embryo transfer, patients were brought to the hospital on a gurney, and then they are not even allowed to get up to the toilet

Finally, in 2011, scientists collected all studies into a single whole, analyzed the existing data and officially announced: bed rest after IVF cannot help with the implantation of a child, but being totally sedentary may be harmful sometimes. This is because a sedentary lifestyle in combination with high levels of estrogen becomes the cause of blood clots as well as a rise in insulin resistance. You can compare: exercises lower stress hormone levels, promote healthy blood flow, and reduces inflammation.

Also, scientists have debunked another popular myth. For many years it was thought that exercise during pregnancy should be excluded because it could aggravate the situation. But in 2008, scientists have proved that moderate aerobic exercises during pregnancy are useful for healthy women. Rigorous, well-organized studies have shown that such activity had a positive effect on the mother and the unborn child. Bed rest and reduced activity after the IVF procedure can cause disturbances in blood flow and normal fluctuations in heart rate

However, even the researchers are powerless against stereotypes. It is difficult to convince the patient not to stay in bed after the treatment. Even if the doctor advises to move more, patient, according to their own convictions, or on the advice of close friends, may comply with bed rest after IVF and restrict her daily activity.